El ignorado papel de la transmisión militar de Covid-19 / The neglected role of the military as a disease vector:Implications for Covid-19 and for global public health policy

Claudia Chaufan, K.J. Noh

Resumen


Con el desarrollo de las tecnologías de la comunicación y el transporte, el aumento del comercio internacional y los movimientos masivos de población, han aumentado las posibilidades de transmisión de agentes de enfermedades infecciosas de persona a persona, junto con la necesidad apremiante de comprender sus mecanismos de transmisión y desarrollar respuestas eficaces para contener su propagación.

Desde el inicio de la pandemia de Covid-19, las pruebas masivas, el rastreo de contactos, el aislamiento de los casos confirmados y los diversos grados de restricción de los movimientos de población han contribuido a aplanar la curva global de la enfermedad. Sin embargo, el papel de la transmisión militar en la propagación del Covid-19 se ha pasado por alto en gran medida, no sólo por parte de los propios militares, sino también por parte de los funcionarios gubernamentales, los responsables políticos e incluso los profesionales médicos, a pesar de la abundante literatura que abarca al menos un siglo y que aporta pruebas del papel de los militares como transmisores de patógenos.

Llamamos la atención sobre esta omisión, ofrecemos una instantánea de las pruebas históricas de la transmisión militar-civil de enfermedades infecciosas y su impacto desproporcionado en las poblaciones vulnerables, y subrayamos la necesidad de reconocer el papel descuidado de los militares como vector de enfermedades para el diseño y la aplicación con éxito de una política de salud pública más equitativa Covid-19.

Palabras clave : Covid-19; militares como vectores de transmisión; transmisión civil-militar de enfermedades infecciosas; militarización de la salud pública; política crítica de salud pública

Aprobación ética: N/A

Abstract

With the development of communication and transportation technologies, increases in international trade, and mass population movements, chances of human-to-human transmission of infectious disease agents have increased, alongside the pressing need to understand their transmission mechanisms and develop effective responses to contain their spread.

Since the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic, mass testing, contact tracing, isolation of confirmed cases and varying degrees of restriction on population movements have contributed to flattening the global disease curve. However, the role of military transmission in the spread of Covid-19 has been largely overlooked, not only by the military itself, but also by government officials, policymakers, and even medical professionals, despite the rich body of literature spanning at least a century providing evidence for the role of the military as a pathogen transmitter.

We call attention to this omission, offer a snapshot of the historical evidence for military-civilian transmission of infectious disease and its disproportionate impact on vulnerable populations, and underscore the need to acknowledge the neglected role of the military as a disease vector for the successful design and implementation of a more equitable Covid-19 public health policy.

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Referencias


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